Towards Improved Protection of Vulnerable Road Users
L. Hynčík* & H. Čechová
New Technology – Research Centre in the West Bohemia Region, University of West Bohemia, Plzeň, Czech Republic, * Corresponding author: email@example.com
MECAS ESI s.r.o., Plzeň, Czech Republic
Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Czech University of Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
ABSTRACT: The paper aims at reducing injury risk and an overall increase in pedestrian passive safety by proposing pedestrian friendly vehicle design. Statistical data are used to identify the most vulnerable population group also regarding the economic losses caused by deaths or medical treatment. An age dependent anthropometric approach enables the development of specific virtual pedestrian biomechanical human body models. The developed virtual pedestrian models are explored to analyse the influence of vehicles in pedestrian impact on injury risk caused by a vehicle industrial demonstrator using numerical simulation. The analysed injury criteria serve for a comparison of vehicle frontal part design variants.
KEY WORDS: Vulnerable road user, anthropology, safety, simulation, optimization.
The Anticipated Impacts of Road Pricing on the Quality of Life in Prague City Centre
Department of Urban Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech University of Technology,
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT: Growing traffic in urban areas is linked with the increasing problems of congestion and environmental degradation. In response to this there are a range of potential instruments for dealing with traffic-related issues in urban areas, one such option being road pricing. Congestion-charging schemes have been successfully implemented in many cities; however the Czech Republic does not have any experience in this field. The future impacts of ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) if implemented in Prague were obtained from transport models. The decision on the efficiency of this instrument with respect to the expected Quality of Life (QoL) has been acquired as a result of the Delphi method process.
KEY WORDS: Congestion, congestion pricing, QoL, Delphi method.
Measuring the Electric Strength of Board Composite Materials and Insulators
R. Čech*, L. Buřval, P. Klaus
Institute of Progressive Technology for the Automotive Industry, Department of Foundry Engineering,
The Faculty of Metallurgy and Material Engineering, VŠB -TU of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, Ostrava – Poruba,
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
ABSTRACT: This article contains the results of electric strength measuring of board composite materials and electrical insulators. It describes and briefly specifies the measured materials, i.e., the composites based on Glass, Kevlar and Carbon fiber. The composite electrical insulators are Kartit, Glasstextite and Textite. The measurement description shows the measurement system diagram and parameters of the used testing high-voltage source. The evaluation suggests the possibility of using composite materials as electromobiles’ construction components which require specific electrical properties.
KEY WORDS: Electric strength, composite, insulators.
Cost – Benefit Analysis for the Implementation of Four-arm Roundabouts in Urban Areas
P. Pokorný *
Transport Research Centre, Brno, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT: The implementation of a roundabout has a mostly positive effect on the safety level of a treated site. This is based on the fact that the roundabout’s geometry reduces the number of collision points, decreases the speed of vehicles, and improves the safety of pedestrians. Within the frame of the ROSEBUD project1, the cost – benefit analysis for the reconstruction of four-arm intersections into roundabouts has been calculated, and the results confirm that these reconstructions are effective and have positive effects on the reduction of accidents. The article describes this calculation on roundabouts in the Czech Republic.
KEY WORDS: Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), roundabout, accident reduction.
Geographical Location of Depopulation Areas in the Czech Republic and its Dependence on Transport Infrastructure
Part I: Definition, Methodology, and Quantitative Analysis
Transport Research Centre, Brno, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
ABSTRACT: Location of settlement at important routes of transport was always one of the key factors for its prosperity. However, in the car-oriented world of today
the distance factor is not so important for many people and they prefer to live in calm rural areas. Simultaneously, many rural areas in peripheral locations are affected by the emigration of inhabitants and global decay. This study explains how good transport infrastructure should be beneficial for rural areas and how it is in reality in the Czech Republic. The study is a part of a larger work of research, based on component analysis of localization of depopulation areas in the Czech Republic between the years 1869 – 2010. The role of transport is documented not only by the localization of the transport infrastructure, but also by the duration and orientation of commuting to work. Theories and premises are supported by quantitative analysis in all municipalities in the Czech Republic and also by three in-depth case studies, oriented more on qualitative indicators.
KEY WORDS: Transport geography, regional development, depopulation areas, transportinfrastructure, mobility.
Technical Note on Congress on Electromobility, Prague, May 12 - 13, 2011
J. Koloc *
Škoda Auto a.s.
*Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
CTU in Prague